If you would like to learn more about evaluating urine incontinence, read Status Report.

Si vous souhaitez approfondir vos connaissances sur l’évaluation des pertes urinaires, consultez le billet, État de situation.

Suggestions for urine incontinence and pregnant women:

  1.  Take courses about reinforcement and control exercises for vaginal, rectal and abdominal muscles, such as   Kegel exercise. Learn how to contract and then relax these muscles properly;
  2.  Takes courses about softening the pelvic floor to prevent tearing during childbirth which will weaken the   muscle:
    Photo - Marie-Ève Prince, physiothérapeute en rééducation périnéale, Cigonia
  3.  Get appropriate treatments for stress or urge urine   incontinence if the symptoms are present;
  4.  Avoid traditional abdominal exercises during the prenatal   and postnatal periods (ex.: sit-ups, which increase   pressure on the pelvis). Choose abdominal exercises that   target stabilisation and proper posture;
  5.  Avoid impact exercises, such as jumping, jogging, running   and aerobics, especially if you have never done them.   Even if you trained before pregnancy, these exercises   should be avoided during the last trimester, given the   baby’s increased weight. The relaxation of the pelvic floor   ligaments and muscles limit their normal function. Even if   jogging can’t harm the baby, the impact of this exercise   can, over time, impact your continence (ability to hold in   urine;
  6.  Prevent constipation to avoid pushing on the structures   and overworking muscles;
  7.  Choose breathing out and perineal abdominal exercises   using straight and elongated postures, as suggested by   many authors (more in line with the natural functioning of   structures, avoids counter-pressures);
  8.  Choose yoga, swimming, fast walking (based on your own   pace);
  9.  It’s better to rest during the first two months after   childbirth. 

A new mother has just gone through severe stretching of her structures, weakening of the perineum muscle and an increase in the vaginal opening, making her more vulnerable to urine incontinence during the postnatal period. Local swelling, healing of wounds, and surplus liquids in her vascular system will not help her incontinence symptoms.

Suggestions for new mothers:

  1.     Restart perineal exercises after childbirth, even if there was tearing and stitches;
  2.     No traditional abdominal exercises, such as sit-ups. Recommendations call for stabilisation and posture          exercises, on a yoga ball, which is more conclusively beneficial for new mothers;
  3.     No impact activities before 6 months, and sometimes longer for some women depending on their                  symptoms caused by more significant weakening. If you want to start earlier, you should have your                capacities and strength checked before…and if you were active during pregnancy, you may get a pleasant      surprise!
  4.     Avoid constipation. Make sure you push as little as possible, and increase your consumption of fibres and      liquids, especially if you are breastfeeding;
  5.     Consult a physiotherapist specialising in perineal rehabilitation if you have urine incontinence symptoms,      pain during sex or bumps in the vaginal area (these can be signs of organ descent) or if you have                  difficulty  contracting. You should also consult if you have a painful scar, fecal incontinence or problems        withholding gas, if forceps were used during delivery, if you pushed during childbirth for more than 90          minutes or less than 30 if there was 2nd degree or higher tearing. You should no longer have symptoms        after 2-3 months following delivery. Prevention is the best option during pregnancy and after childbirth,        so  talk to your doctor!

Emotional aspect:

The symptoms you have when pregnant or after childbirth are widespread, but unfortunately, people often hesitate about talking to their doctor, nurse or other people about them. There are solutions out there, and perineal physiotherapy can help and guide you towards optimal recovery.

The consequences of living with this problem are enormous. These types of issues (organ descent, sexual pain, vaginal loosening and fecal incontinence) affect many aspects of a woman’s life. Self-esteem, participation in sexual, sport or social activities can often be affected. But you aren’t alone. Talk about it, as you can get help!

I hope this information can guide you towards wellbeing, and help prevent complications associated with urine incontinence.

To learn more, please watch my prenatal class video about the pelvic floor and my Facebook video about the pelvic floor.

Pour en apprendre plus, je vous invite à visionner la vidéo des cours prénataux sur le plancher pelvien et la vidéo Facebook en direct aussi sur le plancher pelvien.

Talk soon,

Marie

The Baby Expert

Please share your experiences in the comment section.

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